Armenia is an aggressor and destroyer of holy mosques it cannot be friend of any Muslim
Dr. Mehmood Ul Hassan Khan
Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are strategic partners. Diplomatic relations among Pakistan,
Azerbaijan and Turkey are based on mutual respect, sharing unique commonalities of historical,
religious and political nature. After the establishment of the formal diplomatic relations, there
was no looking back and ties grew at a steady pace and the sky is the limit for their socio-
economic integration, better political understanding and greater regional connectivity.
Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have cultural, social, religious and civilizational ties. Right
from the beginning, the governments and the political leaderships of these countries have been
keen to further develop and consolidate the bond of friendship and brotherhood. These countries
share commonality of opinion on different regional and international issues and supported each
other on challenges faced. Turkish current presidency of the OIC has revolutionized its aims,
utility and objectives. Azerbaijan and Turkish support on the issue of Kashmir create “strategic
balance” in the region.
Trustworthy Bilateral Relations
Bilateral relations among these countries are constantly on the move, trade and economic ties
have already been given new dimensions. Exchange of visits of Azerbaijan, Turkey and
Pakistani leaders as well as the other high level delegations have played a pivotal role in
cementing their socio-economic integration, greater regional cooperation and the last but not the
least energy cooperation.
Greater Socio-Economic Integration
These countries have meaningful MOUs and agreements in political, economic, strategic, social,
humanitarian, cultural and other sectors that were signed during these visits formed a solid
legislative base. Further increasing of military cooperation among these countries has developed
a new “strategic dimension” to their relationships which would be game changer in the days to
Being regional expert on Azerbaijan and Central Asia, I personally witnessed an article
published in daily English newspaper “Daily Times” on December 25, 2017 entitled Can Harissa
act as an ice-breaker between Armenia and Pakistan? written by Sarmad Iqbal.
It lacked even basic knowledge about Azerbaijan’s national history, political struggle, and
geography. It had some serious factual errors which need to be rectified in order to showcase the
true picture of Azerbaijan and its principal policies towards Armenian and South Caucasus.
Writer of this article seemed to be ill informed, biased and slanted towards Armenia. Sarmad
Iqbal categorically tried to tarnish the bilateral relations of both the countries. So called pseudo-
intellectual of this article had a blind inclination towards Armenia, the aggressor and “cultivation
Azerbaijan: A Civilized Country
The Republic of Azerbaijan is a civilized country whereas Armenia has already been labeled as
conspirator. Azerbaijan is a decent country whereas Armenia has been categorized as destructor
of humanity and enemy of economic development too. It has been notorious for its ethnic
cleansing, prejudice, bigotry and state terrorism.
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Bleeding Wound of Azerbaijan
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the bleeding wound for the Republic of Azerbaijan which is
also a looming security threat to the whole region of South Caucasus. Azerbaijan’s successive
leaders and people have been striving hard to resolve Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Armenia
which shows its firm belief in diplomacy and dialogue.
Constant Efforts of Azerbaijan
For the last 26 years the Republic of Azerbaijan has had been trying its best to resolve the
Nagorno-Karabakh within the “frame of possibilities” under true spirits of international law, rule
of sovereignty, respect of human rights and the last but not the least, mutual respect.
Azerbaijan’s Principle Stance
Right from the beginning, the government of Azerbaijan’s took a principled stance that
“Nagorno-Karabakh is an “integral part” of it. It has been using all diplomatic means to achieve
the desired goal of de-occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts under illegal
occupation of Armenia. Armenia has had been maintained aggressive policy towards people of
Azerbaijan people living in territory of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other regions of the
Armenia: An Illegal Occupant
Armenia occupied more than 20 percent of Azerbaijan whereas Nagorno-Karabakh remained an
ancient and historical part of Azerbaijan. Now the continued occupation of Azerbaijani territories
by Armenian armed forces is a threat to peace and stability in the South Caucasus, as well as a
source of destabilization for the region in the future. More than one million of Azerbaijanis
became refugees and internally displaced persons.
Armenia’s Ethnic Cleansing
Armenia conducted the policy of ethnic cleansing against Azerbaijanis in Armenia, Nagorno-
Karabakh and seven other regions of Azerbaijan. According to Azerbaijan’s official figures over
3,800 people went missing due to Armenian aggression. Moreover, 872 out of 3,868 missing
people were captured or became hostages of Armenian soldiers during intense combat action,
and are currently kept in caption by them. “They are 591 military personnel and 291 civilians.
The civilians include 29 children, 98 women and 111 elderly people.
Armenia: An Ultimate Aggressor
The Republic of Azerbaijan is not an aggressor as claimed by Sarmad Iqbal. Right of Azerbaijan
on Nagorno-Karabakh territories is even recognized by the United Nations Security Council
which adopted four resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 condemning the use of force against
Azerbaijan and the occupation of its territories in 1993. It reaffirmed respect for the sovereignty
and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, reconfirmed that the Nagorno-Karabakh region is an
integral part of Azerbaijan and demanded the immediate, full and unconditional withdrawal of
the occupying forces from all the occupied territories.
Moreover, it demanded, including in the first place the withdrawal of the occupying forces from
the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, have still not been implemented, and the mediation efforts
conducted for the last 20 years within the framework of the Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) have also yet to yield desired results.
Act of Barbarism
Azerbaijan never used violence against Armenia as depicted by Sarmad Iqbal in his
disorganized, disarrayed and misinformed article whereas Khojaly genocide was an ethnic
cleansing of Armenia forces against helpless Azerbaijanis. It was an act of barbarism and naked
use of military power but it could not produce any dint to the spirits of Azerbaijanis and
Kashmiris who are still trying to liberate their occupied areas from Armenia and India.
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: Potential “security threat” to South Caucasus & EU
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a potential “security threat” to South Caucasus and the European
Union as well. Moreover, Armenia’s outdated Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), one of the
most dangerous industrial facilities in the world, continues to threaten South Caucasus and the
EU. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the U.S. and other western states have
already objected to the reopening of the Metsamor NPP. Washington believes the design of the
407-megawatt Metsamor reactor is one of the world’s most dangerous.
Armenian Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant (NPP): A Looming Regional Security Threat
The EU has also branded the Metsamor NPP as a “serious danger” to the entire region. To
protect their people the regional countries, Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Georgia have repeatedly
urged Armenia to close the outdated Metsamor NPP immediately. However, Armenia still does
not attach any particular importance to nuclear safety, which is a gross violation of the protocols
of IAEA too.
Besides, the findings show that the Metsamor NPP was built in a nine-point seismic zone, while
its reactor’s seismic resistance is designed for earthquakes with eight-point magnitude.
Therefore, the NPP will not survive in case of an earthquake forcing nine points.
Given high seismic activity in the region, if a serious accident happens at the Metsamor NPP, not
only Armenia, but also all the countries of the South Caucasus and Middle East regions would be
badly affected in terms of severe health issues, drastic decrease in human fertility, lessening of
agricultural productivity, polluted waters and seas and other problems.
Irresponsible Attitude of Armenia
Due to irresponsible attitude of Armenia today, all the countries in the region, including Iran,
Turkey, Georgia, Russia and Azerbaijan are exposed to the threat of suffering the same fate of
the Chernobyl and Fukushima NPPs. Rather than shut down an old Metsamor nuclear power
plant, which is located in a seismic zone, the Armenian government decided to extend its service
life for a few more years. Thus, the reckless Armenian government puts the whole region at risk
by its irresponsible attitude to the problem. The international community should join forces to
make Armenia to reckon with the interests of its neighbors and to provide security of their
Armenian War Obsession
Its constant purchase of arms may start a race of arms in the region due to which brighten
prospects of economic development may be diminished. Armenian martial posturing has been
rated as serious security threat to all the regional countries. Armenian persuasion of Nazi
ideology may also spoil the basic core and philosophy of the European Union, modern political
system and democratization. Its systematic and secretive ways and means to maintain “status
quo” would be disastrous for the region and beyond.
Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict’s Multiplier Effects
Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent districts namely Kalbajar, Lachin, Qubadli, Jabrayil,
Zangilan, Agdam and Fuzuli have been under illegal occupation of Armenia for more than 26
years. Life has been stagnated. Economy has been worsened. Social life and society has been
sieged and caged in all the illegally occupied territories. Moreover, climate, nature and natural
resources have been polluted because of criminal psycho of Armenia. Physical infrastructure has
been demolished. Cultural buildings have been flattened. Agricultural activities have also been
diminished in these areas.
Colossal Collateral Damages
According to many research reports due to Nagorno-Karabakh conflict more than Azerbaijan
890 cities, villages and settlements, 102 thousand dwelling houses, 7000 public buildings, 695
healthcare facilities, 693 secondary schools, 927 libraries, 310 industrial and building
enterprises, 464 historical monuments and museums, 6 state theaters and concert studios have
been completely destroyed in the occupied territories.
Azerbaijan’s Policy of Refrainment
Azerbaijan always follows the policy of refrainment whereas Armenia always pursues the path
of escalation. Azerbaijan has always been open for dialogue whereas Armenia undertakes
consistent measures to consolidate the results of its occupation policy and to maintain
unacceptable and unsustainable status quo. It undermines efforts for the peaceful resolution of
the conflict through hidden activities. Holding of military drills, census, resettlement of Syrian
Armenian, referendum and elections are the serious violations of international law and ceasefire
Azerbaijan’s Policy of Peace
Azerbaijan never violated truce whereas Armenia has been conducting systematic, deliberate and
targeted attacks on civilian population encompassing inter alia women, children and elderly
residing in the densely populated areas adjacent to the frontline.
Moreover, Armenia’s direct and deliberate attacks against the Azerbaijani civilian population
and civilian objects, constitute a serious violation of international humanitarian and human rights
law, in particular the 1949 Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol I thereto, the
Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights
and Fundamental Freedoms.
Azerbaijan has repeatedly brought to the attention of the international community that the
primary reason of the tension and incidents in the frontline and major impediment to the
resolution of the conflict is the unlawful presence of the armed forces of Armenia in the occupied
territories of Azerbaijan.
Armenia Changes Demographic, Cultural and Physical Character
Armenia illegally changes the demographic, cultural and physical character of the occupied
territories. Moreover, it engages in negative economic and other activities, including transfer of
Armenian population into these territories with the ultimate goal change the nature of
demography. Armenia also undermines and puts under jeopardy the regional and international
peace and security. It is also against the true spirits of international law.
Armenia Cultural & Heritage Terrorism
Armenia is notorious for cultural and heritage terrorism. Since the beginning of the Nagorno-
Karabakh conflict and occupation of Azerbaijani territories, Armenian aggressors badly looted
Azerbaijan’s rich cultural treasures. Armenian is purposefully extinguishing Azerbaijan’s
culture, heritage and historical places, buildings and monuments.
Armenia completely destroyed historical & architectural monuments 1200, looted museums 27,
indulged in illegal export of valuable items 100,000, demolished religious monuments 152,
ruined mosques 62, burnt books 4,600,000, devastated libraries/ Holy Quran and rare Islamic
manuscripts 927. Armenia “the mosque destroyer” cannot be friend of any Muslim country.
Moreover, “human’s culture and heritage” is a “common asset” to all and diversity of humanity,
faith, sect, belief and political understanding must be valued and respected.
Azerbaijan’s Lawful Right on Nagorno-Karabakh
Azerbaijan has been highlighted its lawful right on Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent
districts at every regional as well as international forum including, UN Security Council, World
Economic Forum, Economic Cooperation Organization, Organization of Islamic Countries,
Munich Security Council, OSCE Minsk Group, European Parliament and World Cultural Forum
etc. UN Security Council adopted four resolutions about illegal occupation of Armenia and
instructed it to de-occupy Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent districts which have not yet
been implemented because of “dubious character of international power brokers and “double
standard” of international organizations.
OIC: Diehard Supporter
Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) is die hard supporter of Azerbaijan and always
advocates its right over Nagorno-Karabakh and its seven adjacent districts. It always condemns
Armenian military atrocities at line of contact. It has also formed a contact group on this specific
issue. Non Aligned Movement (NAM) and Organisation of African Unity (OAU) have also
showed their support to Azerbaijan against Armenia, the illegal occupant.
Turkey’s Support to Azerbaijan
While visiting Baku, Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan termed the Nagorno-Karabakh
issue as bleeding wound for Turkey as for Azerbaijan. "Unfortunately, unless Armenia ends
occupation of the Azerbaijani territories, this issue will not be resolved," he said. He stressed the
occupation should be immediately ended on the basis of the principles of territorial integrity,
sovereignty and inviolability of borders of Azerbaijan. He also strongly condemned provocations
targeting the civilian population along with Armenia's occupation policy. Furthermore, while
addressing to the72nd session of the UN General Assembly he once again stressed that
restoration of the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and Georgia must for peace in the South
Pakistan’s Brotherly Association with Azerbaijan
Pakistan still does not recognize Armenia as an independent state because of its occupation of
Azerbaijani territories. Its Parliament and Senate and the standing committee on foreign affairs
has demonstrated solidarity with the government and people of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It
condemned the occupation of Azerbaijani territories by Armenia and the genocide committed by
Armenian armed forces in the Azerbaijani town of Khojaly on February 26, 1992 against civilian
population. Turkey, Saudi Arabia and even Djibouti did not establish diplomatic relations with
aggressor Armenia because of illegal occupation of Azerbaijani territories.
Pakistan reaffirmed the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the republic of Azerbaijan within
its internationally recognized borders. It demanded implementation of resolutions of the UN
Security council and the UN General assembly on immediate, complete and unconditional
withdrawal of all Armenian forces from all the occupied territories of Azerbaijan and calls upon
the international community and international organizations to urge Armenia for the
implementation of these decisions. It supported the efforts of the Republic of Azerbaijan to
resolve the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict by peaceful means. But sorry to say,
so-called Pakistani Sarmad Iqbal writer has tried to spoil the trustworthy bilateral relations of
Pakistan with strategic partners like Azerbaijan and Turkey with his misconceived article
published in the daily times.
Sarmad Iqbal by claiming Harissa an Armenian dish falsified fantasied it icebreaker between
Pakistan and Armenia. First of all Harissa is not an Armenian dish. It is originated from Arabian
soil and nourished from the experience of centuries. Poor fellow Sarmad Iqbal does not know
mere Harissa cannot be icebreaker because of Armenian hideous crimes against humanity and
helpless Azerbaijan people living in occupied areas. It is matter of human blood not baking
powder. It is not matter of taste alone it is also matter of trust, traditions and tumults where
Azerbaijanis laid their precious lives for their beloved country.
Baseless Linguistic Doctrine
Sarmad Iqbal’s hypothesis based on “linguistic doctrine” is not valid in the context of Pakistan
and Armenia. Pakistan and India being two different countries do share unlimited commonalities
of words which are not deemed to qualify to ignore its perpetual state’s terrorism, atrocities and
crimes against Kashmiris for so many years. Being two different nations, we still share
commonalities of history, culture, heritage and traditions but there is no compromise and
substitute on national’s sovereignty, and territorial respect. Azerbaijan’s culture is rich enough to
flourish and does not require any “alien land” like Armenia’s borrowed concept of food, music,
living or survival. Azerbaijan is full of life, color, energy and humanity. Azerbaijan is icon of
multiculturalism whereas Armenia is the champion of ethnic cleansing.
The said writer in his article purposefully mentioned the name of Aghri Dagh as Ararat plain.
Aghridagh (Armenians purposefully call it as Ararat) is a mountain in historical part of Turkey
which Armenia claims as the territory of “Great Armenia (United Armenia)", even showing
some other Turkish territories in the constitution of Armenia as Armenian territories without any
evidence as well. It is violation of international law. People of Azerbaijan and Turkey are
patriots having emotional attachment with its geographies, lands, seas and mountains and such
stupidity of this writer may not be good for both the countries.
Azerbaijan: Fascinating Country
The Republic of Azerbaijan is a fascinating country where Armenia is a fanatic in its nature.
Azerbaijan has achieved tremendous socio-economic prosperity, geo-political stability and geo-
strategic importance after the restoration of independence in 1991 under the leadership of
National Leader H.E. Heydar Aliyev and President H.E. Ilham Aliyev whereas brain drain is the
hallmark of Armenian macro-economy.
Azerbaijan: A Prosper Country
Azerbaijan is a prosper country and Armenia is a poor country. Azerbaijan is now a regional
economic leader in the South Caucasus and an important economic actor in the Caspian region.
Its GDP is 75 percent of South Caucasus. It introduced market economy, economic liberalization
and privatization which motivated private sector to lead. It attracted more than $200-250 billion
FDIs in the country, the highest in the region. Azerbaijan has been appreciated by all major
international institutions, including the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, European
Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Islamic Development Bank, and Asian Development
Bank for its rebuts socio-economic development during the last 26 years whereas Armenia has
been bracketed as “failed state”.
Azerbaijan: Pride of all Muslim Countries
The development and achievements of Azerbaijan is a pride of all Muslim countries and an
example of good governance for a number of countries. Moreover, Azerbaijan Democratic
Republic was the first democratic republic in the Muslim world. One of the achievements of the
republic was that women were granted with the right to vote much earlier than in many European
countries whereas Armenia is seriously denying basic human rights to its citizens due to which
human misery is rampant, unemployment, price hike and debts burden are at sky high in the
Azerbaijan’s Contributory Role
Azerbaijan has now become a force that plays an important role in determining the course of
regional and global politics. It had been elected a non-permanent member of the UN Security
Council. Azerbaijan honorably served its term in the Security Council and continues its active
participation in the international life. It has become the center of a number of global projects, a
platform of dialogue between civilizations and cultures, the venue for major cultural and sporting
events whereas Armenia has been caged in deep isolation and denial of true norms of democracy
is the order of the day in it.
Further Strengthening of Diplomatic Relations
Further strengthening of diplomatic relations among Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are getting
momentum in these days. Their relations are “Game Changer” which has further strengthened
after various reciprocal high officials visits during which leaders discussed on the high-level
political cooperation. Recent reciprocal high official visits have totally transformed concept of
bilateral relations. Now Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are more connected because of greater
socio-economic integration which has also further brightened the future prospects of foreign
direct investments (FDIs), joint ventures (JVs) and energy cooperation. These countries signed a
joint declaration which depicted their resolve to enhance and diversify the already dynamic
relations. Both countries showed satisfaction on political relations which now are steadily
Enhanced Military Cooperation
Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have also explored chances of further military cooperation and
defense production. Azerbaijan and Pakistan have a very good cooperation in the military sphere.
Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have unique plans regarding the joint military drills of their
armed forces. A transnational military-industrial complex between Pakistan, Azerbaijan, and
Turkey is now under serious consideration.
Dawn of Trilateral Cooperation
Most recently, the three countries held their first trilateral talks in Baku. The three countries have
defence related agreements in the past with each other, but are now looking towards creating a
trilateral format of defence cooperation, which could prove vital given the strategic location each
country has in its own region. The foundation of the new trilateral Azerbaijan-Pakistan- Turkey
cooperation was laid and 1st Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs held in Baku, on November
30, 2017. The Pakistan-Azerbaijan- Turkey trilateral format has emerged as an innovative and
important platform for devising common strategies and developing several projects for joint
benefits of the countries.
Strategic Importance of Baku-Tbilisi- Kars Railway
Turkey’s Foreign Minister has encouraged Pakistan to use the Baku-Tbilisi- Kars railway, which
was built on the basis of the Azerbaijani-Georgian- Turkish interstate agreement. Since Turkey is
already a close ally of Azerbaijan, given their history and involvement with Armenia, Pakistan’s
addition to the mix will also aid Baku in their struggle. It could also mean Turkey and Azerbaijan
reciprocating with increased support to Pakistan over the Kashmir dispute.
Earlier the three countries closely cooperate in the defence industry in a bilateral format which
should be transformed into a tripartite format of cooperation wherein these three countries can
establish joint ventures for the production of defence products and develop cooperation.
Strategic Importance of Trilateral Cooperation
After laying foundation and starting trilateral cooperation Armenia became more disappointed
with this cooperation and started to use all its possibilities to spoil this cooperation, even using
such unexperienced persons as Sarmad Iqbal from Pakistan. The said writer claimed that
Pakistan is harsh towards Armenia because of Azerbaijan and Turkey which is baseless and
factually incorrect. Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are brotherly countries and there are no
hidden agendas between the three, keeping in view their relationship in the historical context
along with the regional peace and stability.
7 th Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process
Moreover, the 7 th Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process meeting in Baku is a timely and relevant event
which shows the collective commitment of the participating countries to work together to
provide peace in Afghanistan.
The 7th Ministerial Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA), titled “Security and Economic
Connectivity towards a Strengthened Heart of Asia Region”, adopted the Baku Declaration on
December 1 2017. It reaffirmed its commitment to the UN Charter and its enshrined principles of
sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, inviolability of internationally recognized
borders, sovereign equality of nations and non-intervention in the internal affairs of other states
as well as universally recognized principles and norms of international law. It reiterated the
importance of increased political dialogue and consultation between the countries comprising the
Heart of Asia for a stable, peaceful and prosperous region.
It reiterated the obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the political
independence, territorial integrity, or sovereignty of any state. It reaffirmed its commitment to
develop friendly relations among HoA countries based on good neighborly relations, peaceful
co-existence, and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries.
It strongly called for concerted regional and international cooperation to ensure elimination of
terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including dismantling of terrorist sanctuaries and
safe havens, preventing and interdicting the movement of terrorists and terrorist groups,
including foreign terrorist fighters, across the countries of the Heart of Asia region, as well as
disrupting all financial, tactical, logistical or any other support for terrorism without any
Irrational Decision of Armenia
The Armenian President Sargysyan, in his speech during the 72nd Session of the UN General
Assembly on 19 September 2017, made groundless claims blaming Turkey for the delay in the
ratification of the Protocols and stated that they will declare the Protocols null and void in the
absence of progress and meet the spring of 2018 without those Protocols. The statement states
that despite Armenia’s negative stance on the Protocols, Turkey is committed to the primary
clauses of the Protocols.
Turkey Logical Response
Turkey says these Protocols are still on the agenda of the Turkish Grand National Assembly’s
Foreign Affairs Commission and for their ratification, it is essential that a favorable political
atmosphere and peace in the South Caucasus is secured. Turkey’s primary target pertaining to
the Protocols process is to realize the normalization of relations between Turkey and Armenia in
such a way that, comprehensive peace and stability in the South Caucasus is provided. In this
vein, it is necessary that in the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict progress is achieved,
based on Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity and in light of the relevant resolutions of the UN
Security Council. In any case, Armenia must put an end to its invasion of Azerbaijan’s
On its part, Azerbaijan has urged neighbor Armenia to end an occupation of Azerbaijani lands
and stop propagating baseless claims against Turkey for sustainable peace and security in the
Previously, Turkey and Armenia signed two protocols to rebuild diplomatic ties and bilateral
relations in 2009. The protocols proposed an impartial scientific examination of historical
records and archives, as well as the mutual recognition of boundaries in order to restore
confidence between the two nations, in a bid to find solutions to existing problems.
Turkish Foreign Ministry in a statement on Dec. 14 rebutted Armenian claims, saying Turkey
was still committed to the primary clauses of the protocols and their ratification was on the
agenda of Parliament's Foreign Affairs Commission "despite negative attitude and statements by
Moreover, "The Armenian allegations of 'genocide' in 1915 against Turkey are baseless and
examples of 'fraudulent history' used for 'political gains. Turkey says the deaths of Armenians in
eastern Anatolia in 1915 occurred after a group of Armenian nationalists sided with invading
Russian forces and revolted against the Ottoman army. The subsequent relocation of Armenians
resulted in numerous casualties. Turkey describes the events of 1915 as a tragedy for both sides
and Ankara has repeatedly proposed the formation of a joint commission of Turkish and
Armenian historians, along with international experts, to address the issue.
Armenia uses the "genocide" discourse for political gains but does not mention about Armenian
atrocities in Anatolia during World War I, in 1918 Baku or the 1992 Khojaly Massacre, where
613 Azerbaijanis were killed by Armenian forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey relations are based on a concept of “shared prosperity” and on
rigorous commercial diplomacy and are consolidated on greater socio-economic connectivity,
better political understanding and geo-strategic cooperation and increasing military cooperation.
The three countries have unlimited opportunities for further strengthening of bilateral relations.
The further strengthening of socio-economic ties and the development of trade and business
Relations among these countries will be beneficial to all.
Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey have reiterated further strengthening existing bilateral ties
through enhanced interaction between the public and private sectors by using rigorous
commercial diplomacy, regional connectivity and greater socio-economic integration. All three
countries are also very keen to further enhance bilateral, economic and commercial relations with
special focus on improving the deteriorating energy situation in the country.
The government of Pakistan considers the central Asia region and South Caucasus reliable
security partner in the rapidly changing geo-political and geo-strategic world. In the ongoing war
against terrorism and mushroom growth of non-state actors, rise of human and drug trafficking
nexus, achieving greater socio-economic prosperity, better political understanding and greater
regional peace and stability, the governments of Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey are now
initiating serious “Security Dialogue” to mitigate these spillover repercussions. The start of
trilateral military cooperation among Pakistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey is giant step towards
greater regional peace, harmony and security. It will provide a “Strategic cushion” for all the
The government of Azerbaijan has been remained center of interfaith harmony, tolerance,
dialogue and development since its inception. It initiated many meaningful international forums
and as well as conducted various seminars and conference to showcase its strong commitment
towards international dialogue, partnership and cooperation between Muslim and Europe. It also
started “Baku Process” which was also supported by the UN whereas Armenia has been isolated
due to its perpetual aggressive policies and actions against all the regional countries in South
Caucasus. The Republic of Azerbaijan’s main principles and requirements in the peace process
are i.e. Armenia’s withdrawal from the occupied Nagorno-Karabakh and adjacent territories,
and Nagorno-Karabakh’s remaining within Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan always expresses its
readiness to grant Nagorno-Karabakh the highest status under international law and practice.
Diplomacy is a complicated discipline which requires perfection and greater political
understanding about different emerging socio-economic, geo-political and geo-strategic issues.
Diplomacy also attaches elements of sensitivity, utmost care of bilateral relations and ostracism
Sarmad Iqbal must reconcile his personal vested interests and take care about bilateral relations
of Pakistan with Azerbaijan and Turkey. We are strategic partners having lots of commonalities
of history, culture, traditions and civilization. We have close trade and commerce ties which
must not be spoiled by writing an absurd article which has no factual basis. We have strategic
trilateral format of cooperation which needs to be further strengthened and productive for the
benefits of all the participating countries. Armenia is an aggressor and destroyer of “holy
mosque” which cannot be friend of any Muslim country.