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Current challenges on integrated development of agriculture are identified

On October 31, 2018, a meeting was held under the chairmanship of the President
of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev on issues of integrated development of
agriculture, widespread introduction of innovative technologies into the sphere,
increasing the export of products.
Over the past two years, fundamental reforms and structural changes have been
implemented in the agricultural sector. Considerable work has been carried out on
introduction of market relations, development of processing and export infrastructure. For
increasing incomes of farmers and dehkans, a new system was introduced, many problems
were solved, sufficient funds and resources were allocated.
At the meeting, special attention was paid to issues of introduction of innovative
technologies and scientific developments in agriculture, especially drip irrigation
technology.
Experience of Israel in this matter was emphasized. In this country, agriculture is
completely based on drip irrigation, due to which there is no saline land and there is no
need for collector-drainage networks and costs for reclamation activities.
The lack of work carried out in the country on introducing water-saving
technologies has been criticized, as a result of which a large amount of funds are spent on
maintaining a collector-drainage network with a total length of 140 thousand kilometers.
Through the use of water-saving technologies, water consumption can be reduced
by 50-60 percent. Only mobile flexible tubes will save 10-15 percent of water, and drip
irrigation – 35-65 percent. However, the drip irrigation system is used on a small area, said
Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
In this regard, the need for expanding the scale of implementation of drip irrigation
in cotton-textile clusters and in cotton fields of farmers in 2019-2021 was noted.

* * *

One of the current issues for agricultural complex is procurement and export of
fruits and vegetables. However, at the meeting on issues of integrated development of
agriculture it was noted that due to lack of well-coordinated work of the Ministry of
Agriculture, Uzbekoziqovqatholding company and regional leaders, the 100% fulfillment
of the export forecast is under threat.
The task has been set to ensure for the remaining two months of the current year the
full implementation of the export forecast for each region with daily monitoring this
process. Instructions were given on planting vegetable crops for export next year.
Uzbekistan’s climate makes it possible to grow early maturing products, the demand
for which abroad grows in spring. It was noted that this possibility is not used effectively.

At the meeting, relevant ministries and organizations were given instructions on
expanding the export of agricultural products to Russia, China, South Korea, India, Japan
and other countries.
I repeat, export is the most important, priority direction of foreign economic policy
of our state. Each ministry and agency should promote the development of exports, the
President noted.
Activities of newly formed associations were also considered at the meeting. Their
lack of desire for innovation and passivity in general was criticized.
The need for attracting foreign investment in agriculture, especially direct
investment, was noted.
Urgent tasks for effective use of land and water resources, development of seed
production, improvement of the delivery system of mineral fertilizers, renewal of the
agricultural machinery park, development of processing industry, and other areas were
identified.

Prices for goods and services grow

In October this year, prices for goods and services in the consumer market of
Uzbekistan on average increased by 1,3%. In general, over 10 months, inflation in the
consumer sector was 9,5 %, the State Statistics Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan
reports.
An analysis of the nature of changes in consumer prices for each month of the year
showed that the most significant inflationary pressure on the economy was applied in the
first quarter (inflation for three months was 4,9 %) and September-October (1,8 % and 1,3
% respectively month).
In October, the rise in food prices for the month significantly exceeded the same
indicator for non-food goods and services. Food prices rose by 2,3 %, while services and
non-food products added only 0,5 %.
The study of price changes for the period from the beginning of the year in the
context of these groups showed the opposite situation: leadership in price increases
belongs to services (10,7 %).

Successful Initiatives

Ark Eco Textiles, operating in Bukhara, intends to implement a number of
promising projects to enhance its production capacity.
A foreign enterprise in the form of a limited liability company, which began its
activity in 2012, increases production volumes every year.
“At first, we set up production of cotton yarn,” says executive director Tolib
Kuldashev. “Our products within a short time attracted interest of not only local but also
foreign buyers. In the first years, we supplied yarn for $ 400 thousand to a number of
Russian textile manufacturers. Of course, today requires constant research, market
research. Therefore, we have taken the path of expanding and developing our activities.”
In 2014, the company implemented a business plan for the deep processing of raw
materials. The new workshop was equipped with modern weaving machines. At the same
time, our own capital was used, as well as a loan of 1.6 million euros taken at the bank.
Thanks to the new project, 112 new jobs have been created; their total number has reached

160. Thus, in addition to the production of yarn, the method of manufacturing harsh coarse
calico and dyed fabric was mastered. 95% of this production is shipped abroad.
Today, products are supplied, in addition Russia, to Ukraine and Italy. For nine
months of the current year, yarn, harsh calico and finished fabrics were exported for $ 2.6
million. It is expected that by the end of the year this figure will exceed last year’s results,
that is, reach $ 3 million.
If we take into account the variability and unpredictability of the international
market associated with different factors, the achievements and stable indicators show that
Arc Eco Textiles, with its competitiveness, withstands various tests and strengthens its
position. In addition, it has a high financial potential. An example of this is the timely
repayment of a loan taken in a commercial bank, the sufficiency of working capital.
A new scientifically based business plan for the further expansion of the enterprise’s
activities and export development has already been developed. Productivity has been
increasing. This is of particular importance given great attention to the social protection of
workers and specialists, material incentives along with advanced training. Workers are
provided with free lunches and transportation.

Heads of IACIR, KISS and NISS met in Tashkent

On October 31, 2018, within the framework of the Central Asian Expert Forum,
which took place in the Information-Analytical Center for International Relations (IACIR)
of Uzbekistan, a meeting was held with the Director of the Kazakhstan Institute for
Strategic Studies at the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (KISS) Zarema
Shaukenova and the head of the National Institute for Strategic Studies of the Kyrgyz
Republic (NISS) Kuvanychbek Shadybekov.
KISS and NISS are the leading think tanks of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, who are
responsible for developing important decisions on domestic and foreign policy issues.
During the talks, special attention was paid to the issues of expanding and
deepening regional cooperation in Central Asia. The representatives of Kazakhstan and
Kyrgyzstan highly appreciated the initiative of the Uzbek side to establish the Central
Asian Expert Forum, stressed the importance of combining the capacity of analytical
structures to develop practical proposals for promoting regional cooperation in the field of
economy, transport, security and the cultural-humanitarian sphere.
Within the framework of the meeting, the parties agreed on the necessity to
establish productive and mutually beneficial partnerships through research centers. At the
end of the meeting, IACIR signed memorandum of cooperation with KISS and NISS.
The reached agreements envisage the organization of joint publications of articles,
participation in research activities conducted by the parties, holding round table
discussions, seminars and expert meetings.

Combating terrorism – cooperation without boundaries

On October 31, the sixth international conference on “Combating terrorism –
cooperation without boundaries” was held in Tashkent by the Executive Committee of
Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
It was attended by SCO members, observers, as well as delegations of the dialogue
partner countries, representatives of international organizations and research centers.

Among the participants of the conference are the SCO Secretary-General R.Alimov,
Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism V.Voronkov,
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan D.Akhatov, Head of the
OSCE Action Against Terrorism Unit A.Avakov, Vice-President of the International
Committee of the Red Cross G.Carbonnier.
The regional antiterrorist structure is achieving effective results in strengthening
security in the world and maintaining peace. It carries out large-scale work on combating
terrorism, religious extremism, separatism, the illegal trade in weapons and drugs,
transnational organized crime.
The structure in the course of its activities last year prevented a number of terrorist
acts, put an end to activities of more than 50 terrorist groups, facilitated the detention of
150 terrorists who were on international wanted list. It also conducts successful activities
on identifying and preventing the use of the Internet for subversive purposes. Last year, 80
thousand websites were prevented, which absorbed over 500 thousand materials with
disruptive and destructive ideas, 360 websites of terrorist and banned religious
organizations. A criminal case has been initiated against 122 persons operating on these
Internet resources.
Today, the process of integration is under way in the activities of the anti-terrorist
structure. India and Pakistan that have become SCO members began to take an active part
in its work. This, in turn, further increases the chances of the SCO to achieve security and
stability.
At the sectional meeting of the conference, devoted to issues of detecting and
preventing new threats to security, views were exchanged on international cooperation,
development of an effective mechanism for preventing modern challenges.
Preventing extremist, subversive and terrorist activities requires compliance with
international legal norms. Regular sessions were devoted to these issues. The need for
complying with law enforcement practice and legislation in the fight against terrorism and
other threats, international humanism principles was noted.
On November 1, the conference will continue its work. At the event, participants
will exchange experience on achieving peace and stability in the SCO space, fighting
terrorism and extremism, eliminating their consequences.

Meeting with UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office delegation

On November 1, 2018, a meeting with Deputy Director for Eastern Europe and
Central Asia of the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office Rupert Ainley was held at the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The sides discussed development prospects of relations between Uzbekistan and the
UK, holding joint events, including bilateral meetings and negotiations at various levels.
It was noted that sides are preparing to hold a regular meeting of Uzbekistan –
British Council on trade and industry in Tashkent, which is designed to intensify trade-
economic, investment relations and lead to concrete results.
British Ambassador to Uzbekistan Christopher Allan attended the negotiations.

Meeting with Germany’s parliamentary delegation

On October 31, 2018, meeting with “Germany – Central Asia” Parliamentary
Group of Bundestag of the Federal Republic of Germany led by its Chairman Manfred
Grund was held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
At the meeting, the state and prospects of relations between Uzbekistan and
Germany, primarily between the Oliy Majlis and Bundestag, cooperation issues in the field
of legislative support for further development of political, trade-economic, investment,
cultural-humanitarian ties were discussed.
It was noted that both sides are interested in successful holding of Uzbekistan –
Germany summit in 2019, which will raise the comprehensive dialogue between
Uzbekistan and Germany to a qualitatively new level.
The sides also exchanged views on other issues on the bilateral agenda.
Germany’s Ambassador Gunter Overfeld attended the meeting.
Uzbekistan delegation to attend the forthcoming meeting of the Council of Heads of Governments

of the CIS

On November 2, 2018, the delegation of the Republic of Uzbekistan led by the
Prime Minister Abdulla Aripov will attend the regular meeting of the Council of Heads of
Governments of the Commonwealth of Independent States, in Astana.
Heads of governments will discuss current issues of further development of
multilateral cooperation within the CIS, sign a package of documents aimed at expanding
legal framework of cooperation in specific areas.

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