President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev received Carolyn Lamm, Chairperson of the Board of the American-Uzbekistan Chamber of Commerce, on 1 February.
The head of our state, warmly greeting the guest, underlined that the visit of a large delegation of leading US companies and holding of a joint business forum is a confirmation of a growing mutual interest and endeavour to develop a beneficial trade-economic and investment cooperation between Uzbekistan and the US.
The American-Uzbekistan Chamber of Commerce, established over twenty years ago, is an important mechanism for supporting and pushing forward joint programs and projects in different spheres of the economy and has turned into a reliable bridge between the business circles of the two countries.
At present, world-known American companies such as Boeing, General Motors, General Electric, CNH Industrial, Hyatt, Hilton and many other others have successful businesses in Uzbekistan.
Only last year, the mutual trade turnover increased by 70 per cent and reached 454 million US dollars thanks to development and implementation of joint projects with the mentioned companies.
Nowadays, 164 enterprises with American capital operate in Uzbekistan, the volume of US investments into the economy of Uzbekistan has exceeded 1 bln. US dollars.
During the negotiations between the Head of our state and the Chair of the American-Uzbekistan chamber of commerce, the issues of further enhancing the long-term and full-scale cooperation in trade-economic, investment, technological, innovation and educational spheres were reviewed.
The parties discussed prospective projects in different spheres of the economy- agro-industrial complex, electrical engineering, pharmaceuticals and other spheres through attracting advanced experience, direct investments and modern technological achievements of leading American organizations and companies.
A particular attention was paid to the issues of organizing systemic interaction in the sphere of training highly qualified specialists in line with international standards.
The issues of creating new mechanisms of cooperation, targeted at strengthening bilateral relations, primarily, in the economic sphere were considered.
Carolyn Lamm expressed a sincere gratitude to the Head of our state for the warm welcome and the support in developing partnership relations between the business circles of the two countries, as well as created favourable conditions to enhance presence of American companies in the Uzbek market.
Carolyn Lamm also corroborated the willingness of all representatives of the American-Uzbekistan chamber of commerce to actively participate in implementing joint cooperation programs and projects with Uzbekistan.
On April 5-7, the metropolitan Uzexpocentre will host the country’s first specialized event exhibition Event Expo 2017
Fashion Expo 2017, Wedding Expo 2017, Mass Media&Advertising Expo, Leisure and Entertainment, Tashkent Flora Expo 2017 rank among the registered directions of the exhibition.
“At the exhibition, participants will have the opportunity to present their potential in the event-market and provide complete information about the services they render. The exhibitors will also get acquainted with modern trends in these areas, professionals and contractors, organizers of various multipurpose events,” noted the project organizers.
The exhibition will also become a platform for creation of a database of event-agencies to be involved in the implementation of various projects, for advice on juridical, tax, banking and other legal issues with representatives of the committees, associations and relevant departments.
The Eastern Tale of Uzbek Miniature
It is a real pleasure to watch how the heroes of Uzbek love poems and legends return to life in the hands of miniature painters. One of the workshops is located at the Centre for Applied Arts in Tashkent, in a madrasah, the construction of which was donated by Sheikh AbulKasim, one of the most enlightened and respectable people of the city.
QUALITY FOR CENTURIES
Crouching over his table, the master is making a fine drawing with light and confident movements. Rice paper is normally used to make a picture or a book cover. According to KamoliddinAbdullayev, a prizewinner at a number of international folk trade festivals and exhibitions, the older the paper the more valuable it is.
‘When I was just beginning to master the art of painting miniature, my teachers trained me to use only high-quality paper in my work,’ tells the master, whose background includes study at the Republican Painting College and KamoliddinBekhzod National Institute of Painting and Design. Since then, in order to achieve high quality in my paintings, I have always used only the handmade paper manufactured by the best craftsmen, who have inherited the ancient paper production technologies from their fathers and grandfathers. The layer of special enamel such paper is covered with makes it particularly strong and resistant to external actions. These qualities allow miniatures to remain for centuries.’
The work of a miniature painter is labourious and requires much concentration. To perform it, the painter must be talented, experienced, industrious and educated. Several centuries ago, in order to illustrate a manuscript the painter had to make a miniature on a separate piece of thin paper, after which he pierced all the lines of the drawing with a needle. Then the piece of paper was put on the manuscript’s page and covered with black powder. As a result, the page now had contours of the future miniature on it.
‘Nowadays we use a pencil instead of the needle, which is faster and more convenient,’ explains Kamoliddin. ‘Step by step, we create a definite composition consisting of traditional ornaments. The ornaments are then gilded and polished manually, with the use of an authentic wolf’s fang.’
The work is revived with bright contours and colours, for which the pigments are prepared in advance. Traditionally, oxides of various metals were used in the production of the pigments. These technologies are used nowadays too.
Miniature painters attend to the preferences of contemporary connoisseurs of manual arts, particularly women. The items sold from craftsmen’s stalls include fine necklaces, bracelets and earrings decorated with miniatures.
THE MOST VIVID ART
It is hard to believe that miniature painters use only a dozen of colours, so bright and colourful are their works. The Uzbek miniature is characterized by two principal styles of the Islamic ornamentation – girikhi and islimi. According to art historian Elmira Gul, ‘geometric pattern girikhi reflected the ideas of the absolute cosmic organization. Plant ornaments islimi were associated with the Garden of Eden, the abode of God.’ Some other traditional ornaments, such as madokhil (medallions of different forms), tumor (talismans) and others are also quite common.
Continuing the traditions of the eastern miniature, contemporary painters create great murals and pictures on book covers, tables made of rare woods, pencil boxes, chessboards and caskets. However, according to another painter, KarimjonRasulov, this is another type of miniature, varnish miniature, which is highly popular today.
The materials widely used by contemporary miniature painters are suede, wood, papier-mache and… tiny dried pumpkins.
Karimjon-aka’s workshop, for instance, features a huge number of diverse caskets, pencil boxes and spectacle cases. In their decoration he uses one of his favourite motifs – the pomegranate, which is a symbol of love and fertility. This is why people buy readily such items, which they tend to present to their friends and relatives.
Often, the works of miniature painters present the plots of well-known poems by AlisherNavoi, Omar Khayam and Firdousi and scenes from The Thousand And One Nights, as well as depict the popular heroes of Uzbek fairytales, epic stories, legends and beliefs.
Perhaps, it is the bright colours and oriental fairytales that make the miniature painting one of the most vivid types of Uzbekistan’s traditional graphic art.
Uzbekistan to open new bank – Uzagroeksportbank
On 24 January, the President of Uzbekistan signed a decree on the establishment of a new Joint-Stock Commercial Bank Uzagroeksportbank.
The Bank is to be established to create favorable conditions for producers of agricultural products and the population, to render financial support for exporters and develop the export potential of fruits and vegetables.
Initial authorized capital will amount to EUR 10m. equivalent.
The Fund for reconstruction and development of Uzbekistan (75%), Uzbekinvest (10%), Uzbekoziqovqatholding (5%), Uzagrosugurta (5%) and Insurance company Kafolat (5%) will act as its founders.
According to the document, residents and non-residents of Uzbekistan, including international financial institutions can act as shareholders of the new Bank.
By 2020, Uzagroeksportbank will have to attract a strategic foreign investor with a share not less than 15%.
For five years from the date of registration, the new Bank and its branches will be exempt from all types of taxes and obligatory deductions to state funds, while channeling those funds to strengthen the resource and logistical base of the Bank.
Books to Read in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan could become one of the most bibliophile countries: the program for the development of comprehensive measures on the elaboration of the system for publication and distribution of books, improving and promoting the reading culture has been launched.
A commission established by the Decree of the President will develop a set of measures that will systematically set up the work on the publication and distribution of artistic, spiritual, non-fiction, educational literature aimed at increasing the intellectual potential of young people. The program touches a delivery system of published books at affordable prices in the regions, online ordering of publications and electronic versions of books. Particular attention will be paid to improving the reading culture of the population.
The working group is engaged in-depth study of the situation in this sphere. By now, it is clear that there is need to establish the study of demand on the books raising the intellectual level among the population in the country, especially the youth. Social polls will be conducted in the formation of a common list of applications for published literature.
The results showed the need to improve the management system for the publication and delivery of books to the population. It is necessary to organize the work of translating the best works of world literature in the Uzbek language and selected works of Uzbek literature into foreign languages on a regular basis.
Particular significance will be attached to children’s literature. It is essential to improve the system of encouragement for publishers and writers, creation of the conditions of granting financial privileges and material support to publishers, improving the orders for the purchase of quality paper and printing materials from abroad to publish books by printing enterprises and publishing houses.
Experts say about the need to review issues of allocation or lease of places for specialized bookstores in regional and district centers and cities. It is proposed to introduce preferences to businesses, in which the share of the book trade in commodity turnover is more than 70%.
One of the priority tasks of the program will be a review of the formation of the funds of information and library institutions, especially information and resource centers in the field of education, along with educational literature and a list of artistic, educational, scientific and popular literature, as well as estimates for the costs of its purchase.
The propaganda of published books among the public will gain momentum through the media, in particular, the TV channel Madaniyat va Marifat. Moreover the systemic organization of creative meetings with authors of books in educational institutions, libraries and mahallas, the formation of culture and skills of reading in them will also gain traction. There is due to improve the organizing system for festivals and fairs of the book in the regions with the participation of writers, poets, enhance the propaganda of highly artistic works of national and world classical literature among the population, conduct the competitions in the such nominations, as “The best book of the year”, “The best bibliophile family”, “The best children’s book”, “The best audiobook”, “Best e-book” among readers, producers of printed and electronic books, booksellers and librarians and educators.
Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan,